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Forex Facilities for Non Resident in India (NRIs) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs)

In terms of the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), 1999 a person resident outside India means a person who is not resident in India.

Different types of accounts which can be maintained by an NRI / PIO in India

If a person is NRI or PIO, she/he can, without the permission from the Reserve Bank, open, hold and maintain the different types of accounts given below with an Authorised Dealer in India, i.e. a bank authorised to deal in foreign exchange. NRO Savings accounts can also be maintained with the Post Offices in India. However, individuals/ entities of Bangladesh and Pakistan require prior approval of the Reserve Bank.

Types of accounts which can be maintained by an NRI / PIO in India

A. Non-Resident Ordinary Rupee Account (NRO Account)

NRO accounts may be opened / maintained in the form of current, savings, recurring or fixed deposit accounts.

B. Non-Resident (External) Rupee Account (NRE Account)

C. Foreign Currency Non Resident (Bank) Account - FCNR (B) Account

Opening of accounts by individuals/entities of Bangladesh / Pakistan nationality requires prior approval of the Reserve Bank. All such requests may be referred to the Chief General Manager-in-Charge, Foreign Exchange Department, Foreign Investment Division, Reserve Bank of India, Central Office, Mumbai - 400 001.

Yes, an individual Resident in India can borrow sum not exceeding USD 250,000 or its equivalent from his close relatives3 staying outside India, subject to the conditions that:

Yes, an individual resident can lend money by way of crossed cheque /electronic transfer within the overall limit of USD 200,000 per financial year under the Liberalised Remittance Scheme, to meet the borrower's personal or business requirements in India, subject to conditions. The loan should be interest free and have a maturity of minimum one year and cannot be remitted outside India.

Yes, where an authorised dealer in India has granted loan to a non-Resident in India such loans may also be repaid by resident close relative (relative as defined in Section 6 of the Companies Act, 1956), of the Non-Resident in India by crediting the borrower's loan account through the bank account of such relative.

A. Investment facilities for NRIs

NRI may, without limit, purchase on repatriation basis:

NRI may, without limit, purchase on non-repatriation basis :

B. Investment in Immovable Property

In respect of such investments, NRIs are eligible to repatriate:

C. Facilities to returning NRIs/PIOs

Foreign Currency Account

Resident Foreign Currency Account

RFC accounts are permitted to be held jointly with the resident close relative(s) as defined in the Companies Act, 1956 as joint holder (s) in their RFC bank account on 'former or survivor basis'. However, such Resident in India close relative, now being made eligible to become joint account holder shall not be eligible to operate the account during the life time of the resident account holder.

General facilities

Yes, EEFC account of a resident individual can be held jointly with a resident close relative on a 'former or survivor' basis. However, such Resident in India close relative will not be eligible to operate the account during the life time of the resident account holder.
Yes, individuals resident in India are permitted to include non-resident close relative(s) as a joint holder(s) in their resident bank accounts on 'former or survivor' basis. However, such non- Resident in India close relatives shall not be eligible to operate the account during the life time of the resident account holder.
Yes, a resident individual is permitted to gift shares/securities/convertible debentures etc to NRI close relative up to USD 50,000 per financial year subject to certain conditions.

Yes, a resident individual can give rupee gifts to his visiting NRI/PIO close relatives by way of crossed cheque/electronic transfer within the overall limit of USD 200,000 per financial year for the resident individual and the gifted amount should be credited to the beneficiary's NRO account.

A resident may make payment in rupees towards meeting expenses on account of boarding, lodging and services related thereto or travel to and from and with in India of a person resident outside India who is on a visit to India. Further, where the medical expenses in respect of NRI close relative are paid by a resident individual, such a payment being in the nature of a resident to resident transaction may also be covered under the term "services".
1 A Non Resident in India (NRI) is a person resident outside India, who is a citizen of India or is a person of Indian origin

2 A Person of Indian Origin (PIO) for this purpose is defined in Regulation 2 of FEMA Notification ibid as a citizen of any country other than Bangladesh or Pakistan, if (a) he at any time held in Indian passport; or (b) he or either of his parents or any of his grandparents was a citizen of India by virtue of the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955); or (c) the person is a spouse of an Indian citizen or a person referred to in sub-clause (a) or (b).

3 'Close relative' means relative as defined in Section 6 of the Companies Act, 1956.

4 'A Person of Indian Origin' means an individual (not being a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh or Sri Lanka or Afghanistan or China or Iran or Nepal or Bhutan) who (i) at any time, held an Indian Passport or (ii) who or either of whose father or mother or whose grandfather or grandmother was a citizen of India by virtue of the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955).

Updated : Mar 08, 2021